James Langenbucher

Associate Professor
SMH 221B


James William Langenbucher is an associate professor with the Center of Alcohol Studies.

Current Research

  • Diagnosis and nosology of Substance Use Disorders and comorbid conditions in the DSM Tradition
  • Use patterns and effects of Appearance- and Performance-Enhancing Drugs (APEDs)


R03 DA022444-01 Co-PI: J Langenbucher 2007–2009
Assessment of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug Use, NIDA
K02-00390 PI: J Langenbucher 2000–2005
Neuroadaptive Clinical Models of Drug Dependence, NIDA

Selected Publications

Hildebrandt, T., Langenbucher, J., Harty, S., Flores, A., & Berlin, H. (2014). The influence of age of onset and acute anabolic steroid exposure on cognitive performance, impulsivity, and aggression in men. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2014; [Epub May 19, 2014]

Martin, C.S., Langenbucher, J.W., Chung, T, & Sher, K.J. (2014). Truth or consequences in the diagnosis of substance use disorders. Addiction, 109(11), 1773-1778

Hildebrandt, T., Harty, S., & Langenbucher, J.W. (2012). Fitness supplements as a gateway substance for anabolic-androgenic steroid use. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26(4), 955-956.

Langenbucher, J. (2012). Assessment and diagnosis. In H. Shaffer (Ed.), Handbook of the Addiction Syndrome, vol. 2. Washington: APA Press.

Hildebrandt, T., Lai, J.K., Langenbucher, J.W., Shneider, M., Pfaff, D., & Yehuda, R. (2011). The diagnostic dilemma of appearance and performance enhancing drug misuse. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 114(1), 1-11.

Hildebrandt, T., Langenbucher, J., Lai, J., Loeb, K., & Hollander, E. (2011). Development and validation of the Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug Use Schedule. Addiction, 36(10), 949-958.

Hildebrandt, T., Alfano, L., & Langenbucher, J. (2010). Body image disturbance in 1000 male appearance- and performance-enhancing drug users. Journal of Psychiatric Research 44 (13), 841-846.

Martin, C.S., Chung, T. & Langenbucher, J.W. (2008). How should we revise diagnostic criteria for substance use disorders in the DSM-V? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 177(3), 561-575.

Hildebrandt, T., Langenbucher, J.W., Carr, S., & Sanjuan, P. (2007). Modeling population heterogeneity in appearance- and performance-enhancing drug (APED) use: Applications of mixture modeling in 400 regular APED users. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116(4), 717-733.

Hildebrandt, T., Langenbucher, J.W., Carr, S., Sanjuan, P., & Tung, K. (2006). Predicting intentions for long-term anabolic-androgenic steroid use among males: A covariance structure model. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 20(3) 234-240

Martin, C.S., Chung, T., Kirisci, L., & Langenbucher, J. (2006). An Item Response Theory analysis of diagnostic criteria for alcohol and cannabis use disorders in adolescents: Implications for DSM-V. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(4), 807-814.

Langenbucher, J., Labouvie, E., Sanjuan, P., Kirisci, L., Bavly, L., Martin, C., & Chung, T. (2004). An application of Item Response Theory analysis to alcohol, cannabis and cocaine criteria in DSM-IV. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 113(1), 72-80.

Chung, T., Langenbucher, J.W., Labouvie, E., Pandina, R., & Moos, R. (2001). Change in alcoholic patients' coping predicts 12-month treatment outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 69, 92-100.

Langenbucher, J., Martin, C., Labouvie, E., Sanjuan, P.M., Bavly, L., & Pollock, N. (2000). Toward the DSM-V: The Withdrawal-Gate Model vs. the DSM-IV in the diagnosis of alcohol abuse and dependence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 799-809.

Morgenstern, J., Langenbucher, J.W., Labouvie, E. & Miller, K.J. (1997). The comorbidity of alcoholism and personality disorders in a clinical population: Prevalence rates and relation to alcohol typology variables. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 74-84.

Langenbucher, J.W., Labouvie, E., & Morgenstern, J. (1996). Measuring diagnostic agreement. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 1285-1289.

Langenbucher, J.W. & Martin, C.S. (1996). Alcohol abuse: Adding content to category. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 20(8), 270A-275A.

Langenbucher, J.W., Morgenstern, J., Labouvie, E., Miller, K.J. & Nathan, P.E. (1996). On criterion weighting in the DSM-IV. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 343-356.

McCrady, B.S., & Langenbucher, J.W. (1996). Alcoholism treatment and health care system reform. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 737-746.

Langenbucher, J.W., & Chung, T. (1995). Onset and staging of DSM-IV alcohol dependence using mean age and survival/hazard methods. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 346-354.


PhD, Rutgers University, Clinical Psychology, 1985

Internship in Clinical Psychology, Brockton / West Roxbury V.A. Medical Center, Brockton, MA, 1983–1984

MS, Rutgers University, Clinical Psychology, 1982

BA, University of California Riverside, Psychology, 1979

Other Information

Courses Taught

1996–present, “Adult Psychopathology”, Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, Rutgers University
2012, "The Biology of Addiction”, Joint CAS / School of Social Work ACT Program